The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, NEITI, today, stated that the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC, is claiming that it is owed N797 billion by Nigeria, comprising the Federal, State and Local Governments.
NEITI disclosed that the NNPC made this claim when it was confronted with the fact that it failed to remit N77.92 billion, being under-remittance by the corporation to the Federation Account from domestic crude oil allocation in 2017.
In a statement on the release of the report of a pilot study on the sale of Nigeria’s share of crude oil and gas produced in 2017, NEITI further stated that the NNPC deducted N297 billion from total earnings from the domestic crude oil it statutorily allocates to itself, claiming the amount was for costs and losses.
“The sum of N77.92 billion was under-remitted by NNPC to the Federation Account from Domestic Crude Allocation in 2017. NNPC acknowledges the under-remittance and states that there is an ongoing reconciliation to net off the N77.92 billion from ‘the established Federation indebtedness to the Corporation of N797 billion, arising from KPMG forensic audit of the Corporation at the instance of the Federation,’” NEITI stated.
In the statement signed by its Director, Communications and Advocacy, Dr. Orji Ogbonnaya Orji, NEITI disclosed that total revenue from sale of a federation share of oil and gas for 2017 was $14.5 billion, comprising $13.18 billion or 90.8 per cent from crude oil and $1.32 billion or 9.1 per cent from gas.
From the total deductions of N297 billion, NEITI stated that the NNPC claimed N141.6 billion was for under-recovery on petroleum products, which is another name for fuel subsidy; N25 billion was for crude oil and petroleum products losses; while N130.4 billion was for pipeline repairs and maintenance.
Federation share of crude oil
NEITI disclosed that findings from the report revealed that total crude oil production for 2017 was 692 million barrels, stating that out of this volume, the share that went to the federation was 240.9 million barrels representing 35 per cent of the total crude oil production for the year 2017.
“A trend analysis for the year under review shows that the 2017 federation share was four per cent higher than the 231.6 million barrels in the same category for 2016 but was 19 per cent lower than the 297.8 million barrels for 2015. This shows that while there was a slight improvement on the figure for 2016 (a year characterized by vandalism and sabotage of oil facilities), crude production for 2017 was about a fifth less than the 2015 level,” it noted.
Commenting on the report, Executive Secretary of NEITI, Mr Waziri Adio, stated that the special report was undertaken in furtherance of the recent decision of the global Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, EITI, to add commodity trading transparency to its scope of coverage through stand-alone and in-depth reports.
The objective, Adio stressed, was to ensure adequate returns to governments, increasing competition and efficiency in commodity trading, and ensuring greater public scrutiny of the resultant revenues.
He said, “Resource-rich countries receive shares of minerals produced in their territories as equity shares or as in-kind payments, and these minerals are usually sold directly or indirectly to commodity traders through state-owned enterprises.
“However, the process and details of these sales are mostly shrouded in secrecy, even when more than half of the revenues from the extractive sector come from these sales. This is why the EITI resolved to beam more search-light on commodity trading. Nigeria is one of the five EITI-implementing countries selected to pilot this enhanced focus.”
Disaggregation of federation oil
The transparency and extractive industries watchdog further stated that key findings in the report revealed that 240.9 million barrels federation share for 2017 was disaggregated as follows: Domestic Crude Allocation, DCA, 105. 9 million barrels or 44 per cent of federation share; while Federal Inland Revenue Service, FIRS, liftings stood at 57.3 million barrels or 24 per cent of federation share.
It noted that 50.2 million barrels or 21 per cent of the federation share were allotted for federation export; third party financing, 17.6 million or seven per cent of the federation share; and Department of Petroleum Resources, DPR, liftings, 9.9 million barrels or four per cent of the federation share.
It declared that “In turn, the 105.9 million barrels for Domestic Crude Allocation (DCA), the crude assigned for local supply of refined products, was further allocated as follows: Direct Sale Direct Purchase, DSDP, 72.8 million barrels or 69 per cent of DCA; refineries, 26. 5 million barrels or 25 per cent of DCA; product exchange, 4.7 million barrels or four per cent of DCA; and export from the unutilized portion of DCA, 1.9 million barrels or two per cent of DCA.”
Buyers of Nigeria’s oil
NEITI further disclosed that findings from its report revealed that Nigeria’s crude oil went to 29 destinations in 2017, with the top five destinations being India with 41.3 million barrels or 17.12 per cent of the total; United States of America, 30.6 million barrels, representing 12.72 per cent; and local refineries, 26.5 million barrels, representing 10.98 per cent of the total.
Others in the top-five bracket are the Netherlands, with 22.9 million barrels, representing 9.5 per cent; and Spain, 21 million barrels, representing 8.83 per cent of the total.
It added that there were 60 individual and consortiums of buyers of the federation’s crude in 2017, with the top five buyers being Duke Oil Company, the trading arm of NNPC, which lifted 29.3 million barrels or 12.16 per cent of the total; TOTSA/Total oil Trading, which lifted 18.4 million barrels or 7.67 per cent; and Port Harcourt Refinery which lifted 18 million barrels or 7.49 per cent.
Others are SIR/Sahara Energy Resources which lifted 15.2 million barrels or 6.32 per cent of the total and LITASCO SA/MRS Oil and Gas which lifted 10.5 million or 4.38 per cent of the total.